The RMS Oceanic, the predecessor of the Titanic, 1899
This is an image of the RMS Oceanic, the predecessor of the Titanic, in 1899. The Oceanic was a transatlantic ocean liner that was built for the White Star Line. The ship first made the voyage on September 6, 1899, and was the largest ship in the world at the time, until 1901. Due to the outbreak of the First World War, the Oceanic was converted to an armed merchant cruiser.
The Oceanic was built because the two existing White Star Liners were outmoded, due to the rapid rate of advances in marine technology. The Oceanic was built at Harland and Wolff’s Queen’s Island yard at Belfast and was laid down in 1897. The ship was named after the liners first successful RMS Oceanic of 1870. It weighed in at 17, 272 tones and cost around $110 million pounds (approx. $130 million USD), and took the work of 1,500 shipwrights to complete it.
The Oceanic was designed to perform speeds of up to 24mph, with a very powerful 2 four-cylinder triple expansion engines. When these engines were constructed in 1897, they were reported to be the largest in the world, being able to produce 28,000 horsepower.