MISERABLE FACTS ON CLIMBING MOUNT EVEREST
DO YOU KNOW MANY PEOPLE HAVE RISK THEIR LIVES CONQUERING THE ROOF OF THE WORLD?
At the end of last season (2013) since 1953, Everest have been climbed 6,871 times, 4,042 people visited the top, some of them several times. Most of all the famous Apa Sherpa - 21 times. But not everyone is able to reach the summit, as well as to descend from it. Since the first attempt at climbing in 1921, 264 people have died on the slopes of Everest. The worst case occurred quite recently, in April 2014, when an avalanche swallowed 16 Sherpa guides at once.
Everest is not the most dangerous among all eight-thousanders - the death rate in recent years, with improved equipment and training, has decreased to 3.6%, but only about 6%. According to general statistics, Annapurna (8091 m) is confidently holding the first place - up to 41% of deaths (in recent years 19.7%), and in kanchenjunga(8586 m), the death rate is 22%. There are dozens of bodies on the slopes of Everest, it is almost impossible to remove them from such a height. It costs a lot of money, and not every rescue team will undertake such work. Permanent sub-zero temperatures, low humidity and snow preserve corpses, and they are well preserved, serving as an ominous reminder of the value of life and the importance of safety.
For 93 years of recorded ascents on Everest, there were two really large-scale tragic cases. On May 11, 1996, a sudden storm hit the very beginning of several ascent and descent groups, including the commercial “Adventure Consultants” and “Mountain Madness”. The rescue operation was hampered by critical weather conditions, low temperatures and the training of some participants. In just a few hours, seven people became victims of the tragedy, including three Indian mountaineers from the border service, including the aforementioned Tsewang Paljor.
Another case occurred recently - in April 2014, when an avalanche swallowed up 16 sherpa guides. This is the most massive case of death on Everest since the beginning of the expeditions. The tragedy raised important issues of ensuring the activities of Sherpas in expeditions, when they are often treated much worse than other participants and try to exploit beyond measure. Immediately after the death of their comrades, the union of guides began to demand a revision of working conditions on the mountain and improvement of working conditions, which had been brewing for a very long time.
Death and terrible injuries are frequent companions of climbers. In the case of especially difficult extreme ascents of solo, without insurance and companions, the severe principle “mistaken die” begins to operate, and there are people who are ready to follow him. Mountaineering is one of the most extreme hobbies in the world, and it is necessary to put up with such dangers for the sake of the unique sensations received.